Carpet weaving

A handmade carpet weaving is the ancient folk decorative craft existing since the times when a man learnt the way of making yarn and fabrics out of fibrous materials.

Monuments of ancient times-the carpets, keeping in museums and collections, and records of historians and geographers as well, are evidence of the antiquity of the carpet weaving culture.

According to the existing literary sources, making of pile carpets was widely developed in Central Asia and China.

The oldest pile carpet was found in 1949. Despite the fact that the carpet was in the ice for about 2500 years, it was hardly damaged and is now kept in the State Hermitage Museum in St. Petersburg.

Since ancient times, carpets were used for house decoration, being one of the most favorite adornments thanks to their artistic qualities.

Carpet articles are diverse in their artistic decorations, properties, types of design and ornamentation, materials and handling.

Manufacture of carpets appeared in the conditions of a nomadic life in the steppes of Central Asia. Carpeting fully met the requirements of nomadic life, and the human desire to decorate dwellings.

Carpet articles were the only things that could protect nomad tents from sharp fluctuations in temperature.

Carpet material was good for the manufacturing of bags, which were hung on the walls and served as cupboards and drawers, or were used for storing and transporting of soft things on pack animals.

Wool served as a material for making of carpets and natural dyes were used for their coloring.

Manufacture of carpets appeared thanks to the subsistence farming, which, having undergone a number of modifications survived until our days.

Three types of rugs were usually used by nomads for outside decoration of their tents.

Mostly, a background of carpet articles was white; the drawings were applied in dark tones in the form of sheared relief ornaments.

The scenes of wedding ceremonies, caravans of camels and human figures against a background of picturesque landscapes are depicted in the extant ancient copies.

Pentagonal mats were very peculiar due to their shape and composition. They were usually paired and were used for decoration of camels in a festive procession. Later they were used as wall bags.

Carpets for prayers had a special character of the composition: in the upper part the niche was shown and, moreover, places for hands while praying were identified, and sometimes the image of lamps was depicted on them.

Gradually, with the change from nomadic lifestyle to the settled, carpet manufacturing, intended for decoration of dwellings, ceased.